Natural growth of every plant is its style of that plant. Natural surroundings, atmosphere, soil have different effects on the growth and the style of the plant. Tropical and temperate country vegetation and species of plants are having their own identities. As mentioned Style and growth of a plant depends on orientation of nature. Aesthetic beauty comes to plant because of perfect styling. Names given to Traditional styling of a plant are formal upright (Chokkan in japanese), Informal upright (moyogi), Slanting (shakan) etc… the styles were identified by the direction and adaptation plant growing in nature. The styles mentioned here shows the Bonsai hobbyist how to shape and style his plant as natural as it is growing in nature.
FORMAL UPRIGHT BONSAI Style(Chokkan)
Formal Upright Style Bonsai will have the tapering trunk line and grows straight towards sky. The lower branch of this style is thick and other branches spreads in all three directions giving stability to the plant. The development and orientation of the roots shows maturity and power and strength of the plant in formal up right style. To give a natural look to the plant flat or oval or rectangular Bonsai pots are used for formal upright style.
INFORMAL UPRIGHT Bonsai Style (Moyogi)
In Informal Upright style, the trunk line will be having a curve, but the starting point and tapering point will be in the same straight line. Styling of the branches in most of the plants is the primary branch grows near the first curve of main trunk line,it gives a great look to the plant. Here the single trunk of the plant will be leaning towards left or right giving a slanting style to the plant. More often the root growth will be on one side of the trunk. The primary branch of grows in the opposite direction of the curve of the main trunk line.
CASCADE BONSAI STYLE (Kengai)
Cascade style plants we found on hill tops, due to strong force of winds plant bend down, but the direction of leaves of the branches will up words towards sunlight and the force of the trunk line will be down just like a water fall falling from the mountains. The root system strongly holds the rocks and penetrate deep in to the gaps between the rocks to give stability to plant to with stand the wind force. The balancing branch on the trunk line to gives the plant a beautiful shape in a vertically shaped bonsai pot. Here the vertical pot symbolizes the mountain or hill where the plant is growing.
WEEPING BONSAI STYLE
Weeping fig or Bottle Brush plant of tropical atmosphere is best example of weeping style. Here the trunk line of the plant grows straight and the branches grow up and fall down in a style which gives the plant a spectacular look. The root system spreads in all three directions as in formal upright or chokan style. Most of the time oval, rectangular, or flat pots goes well with weeping style plants.
LITERATI BONSAI STYLE ((Bunjingi)
Litrati style we found in dense forests where the plants grow tall to fetch sun due to lack of light at the base of the plants.they grow tall and three fourth of the plant is naked without any shoots only top will have branches and leaves.
WIND SWEPT BONSAI STYLE (Fukinagashi)
Wind swept style is the style in a plant due to strong powerful flow of the winds, air current makes the plant and branches grow in air flow direction just like the palm plants near the sea shore grow in one direction. Movement of trunk line and branches will be in the direction of wind and roots hold the soil firmly to give support to the plant against the wind flow. Rough stretchered flat Bonsai pot is best suitable for wind swept style.
UMBRELLA BONSAI STYLE
Most of the tropical plants will be in Umbrella style. The primary and secondary branches spreads in all directions and gives the plant a Umbrella style, the matured roots spreads in all directions and on the surface of the soil beautifully which makes plant a matured look.
DRIFTWOOD BONSAI STYLE (Sarimiki, Sabamiki)
In Drift wood style, a plant placement is with the movement of drift wood. The Bonsai plant looks so matured in drift style, the artistic creation of the drift wood makes Bonsai plant an excellent piece of Bonsai.
BROOM BONSAI STYLE (Hokidachi)
Broom Style is just like broom all the branches wired and styled and will be open towards to the sky.
MULTIPLE TRUNK BONSAI STYLE (Kabudachi)
The Bonsai plant having more than one trunk is called multiple trunk style.
ROCK GROWN BONSAI STYLE (Sekijoju)
Bonsai plants having long roots can be made in to Rock grown Bonsai, the roots will be exposed over the Rock just like in nature which gives the plant a natural look as if the plant is growing on the rock.
RAFT BONSAI STYLE (Ikadabuki)
Root connected (NETSUNARANARI) BONSAI STYLE
In Raft Style Bonsai plant will be placed horizontally in a long oval bonsai pot, and the branches of the plant wired and be taken up and be treated as individual Bonsai trees. It looks like a group planting but from a single plant.
GROUP PLANTING OR FOREST BONSAI STYLE (yuse-ue)
LANDSCAPING OR SAIKEI
Group of trees more than two were planted in a Bonsai tray just like a forest or landscape with stones or without stones makes the style forest style or Saikei, it is a just like a beautiful photograph of nature that shows the creativeness and imagination of the Bonsai creator.
Selection of pots depends on the style of the plant. Selection of a suitable pot for Bonsai plant should be in harmony with the style of the plant, Pot gives a perfect look to Bonsai plant, it enhances the beauty of the plant. Traditional bonsai pot is made with ceramic clay and furnace burned. the health of a plant depends on the type of the pot used. it should not hold water. Chinese and Korean pots are very famous and have diversified shapes, colors and textures. Primarily choosing a suitable pot is individual’s choice. Antique Chinese bonsai pots are very famous. In Japan some of the villages like Ontayaki no sato,
Tokonoma,northwestren Kyushu are famous for making ceramic pots for last many centuries. In Tokonoma we can see centuries old chimneys. Ceramic Pots are available in different shapes and sizes.
Importance of soil in growth of Bonsai plant
The main ingredients for the development of the plant or any living being is earth, air, water, sunlight and the open space that is sky. On earth, different varieties of soils are available. Clay soil is the one which is just like clay material, if you fold your hand with soil in it, it will become like a ball. Another is the red soil and other is the sand and some soils are the mixtures of this. The Bonsai plant grows in a small shallow container, with very less soil in it, so we have to provide the plant with necessary ingredients for its healthy growth. So, the main and important medium for growth of the Bonsai plants is the Bonsai soil. It is a specially prepared soil which contains soil, manure for nutrients, conditioners and moisturizers. The required percentage of Ingredients of the soil differs from species to species. The porosity and water retention property of the soil depends on the type of the soil we are using. The plants growing in rain forests are having different root system due to their nature of the soil they are growing. Depending on the place they are living plants adapted to that environment, so we will see lot of variation of plants in tropical temperate regions. The study of plant species and its origin is more important when you are preparing the soil per that particular plant.